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Ace Aladdin Apollo Argo Atlantic Back Beat Baton Cadence Checker Chess DOT Duke


Recording Artists:

R & B: Earl King, Frankie Lee Sims

RocknRoll: Bobby Marchan, Frankie Ford, Joe Tex, Jimmy Clanton, Huey Smith & The Clowns.


Profile: Founded in Jackson Mississippi during 19555

Parent Label: Duke / Peacock




Recording Artists:

R & B: Amos Milburn, Big Jay McNeely, Charles Brown, Floyed Dixon, Lynn Hope, Lloyd Glenn, Peppermint Harris.

Groups: The Five Keys

RocknRoll: Shirly & Lee, Thurston Harris

Profile: Founded in Los Angeles during 1945. Producers during the 1950's: Maxwell Davis & Dave Bartholomew




Recording Artists:

R & B: The Five Royales, Wynoine Harris.

Groups: The Larks

Gospel: Mahalia Jackson, Famous Georgia Peach, Diie Humming Birds

Profile: Founded in Newark, New York during 1942




Recording Artists:

RocknRoll: Clarence "Frogman" Henry

Profile: Set up in Chicago, 1955 as the jazz subsidiary of Chess records. Argo Records changed its name to Cadet Records in 1965, after the discovery of the UK based jazz, classical and spoken word label Argo that was already in existence. 

Parent Label: Chess




Recording Artists:

R & B: Clyde McPhatter, Ivory Joe Hunter, Joe Turner, Lavern Baker, Ruth Brown, Ray Charles.

Groups: The Cardinals, The Clovers, The Drifters.

RocknRoll: Bobby Darin, The costers.

Profile: In 1947, Ahmet Ertegun and Herb Abramson started an independent jazz and R&B label in New York City which they named Atlantic Records. Growing from literally a one-room operation into one of the preeminent companies in the rapidly evolving music industry, the Atlantic label soon became recognized and revered around the world—a name synonymous with artistry and quality. Atlantic was purchased in 1967 by the Warner-Seven Arts Corporation. Atlantic/ATCO Records, along with Warner Bros. Records/Reprise Records, were to be operated as separate record companies under this ownership umbrella. This continued until 1969, when Warner-Seven Arts was purchased by the Kinney Corporation. Warner Brothers and Atlantic were brought together, Ahmet Ertegun was given considerable power in the new operation and he, along with both the President and Chairman of Warner Bros. Records, served on a committee to oversee the record business. They oversaw the purchase of Elektra in 1970, leading to the creation of the Warner-Elektra-Atlantic (WEA) alliance and distribution network. Today, Atlantic remains a part of the Warner Music Group, and along with Elektra and Lava forms the Atlantic Music Group. However, East West America was switched to Elektra when Sylvia Rhone became president of that label.

Sub labels: ATCO, CAT 21 Records, Alston Records, Atlantic Jazz, Atlantic Special, Bad Boy Entertainment, Big Beat, Bluemoon Recordings, Brass Recordings, ClinTone Records,Cotillion, Eardrum Records, EastWest Records America, Elektra, First Priority Music, Hilltak Records, La Salle Records, Lava, Like Records (2), Little David Records, Mesa Recordings, Mirage (2), Modern Records, Omni Recordings, Omni Records (3), Puff Daddy Records, Radio Records (5), Signpost Records, Stone Flower, Suite 2 Records, Tag Recordings.

Parent Label: Warner Music Group, 1290 Avenue of the Americas, New York. NY 10104. USA

URL's: &

Back Beat

Recording Artists:

Groups: Norman fox & The Rob Boys


Parent Label: Duke




Recording Artists:

Groups: The Fidelitys, The Hearts, The Revileers

Profile: founded in New York during 1955




Recording Artists:

RocknRoll: Everly Brothers

Profile: Founded in New York during 1953




Recording Artists:

R & B: Lowell Fulson, Little Milton, Little Walter, Sonnt Boy Williamson

Groups: The Flamingos

RocknRoll: Bo Diddley, Dale Hawkins, The Tune Weavers

Profile: Founded during 1953

Parent Label: Chess




Recording Artists:

R & B: Eddie Boyd, Gene Ammons, Howlin Wolf, John Lee Hooker, Jimmy Rodgers, Muddy Waters, Willie Mabon

Groups: The Moonglows

RocknRoll: Bobby charles, Chuck Berry, Johnny & Joe, The Moontones

Profile: Chess Records was one of the premier blues labels of the 1950s and 60s, also releasing R&B, soul, jazz, gospel and rock. Chess released records by every major blues artist in Chicago, including John Lee Hooker, Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters, Elmore James, Bo Diddley, Jimmy Reed, Chuck Berry and many others. Brothers Leonard and Phil Chess emigrated from Poland to the United States in 1928. In the 1940s they owned the upscale Macomba nightclub in Chicago's Southside neighborhood and several other bars. Blues artists performed regularly at The Macomba, and the Chess brothers realized they were not being recorded. They bought in to the small R&B label Aristocrat Records in 1947, then bought out the remaining partners in 1949 and changed the name to Chess in 1950. In 1969 they sold the label to General Recorded Tape (GRT) for $6.5 million. Labelcode: LC 0156

Sub labels: Argo Records, Cadet Records, Checker, Tuff

Parent Label: MCA Records



Recording Artists:

R & B: The Counts, The Griffen Brothers Orchestra, Rusty Bryant

RocknRoll: Gale Storm, Jim Lowe, Pat Boone, Nervous Norvus, The Dell Vikings

Country & Western: Bonnie Guitar, Leroy Van Dyke, Ned Miller

Profile: Founded in Gallatian Tennessee by Randy Wood during 1951. Producer during the 1950's Billy Vaugan. Dot Records were sold to Paramount Pictures in 1957. Gulf+Western bought Paramount in 1968 and changed the Dot label design. The G+W logo started appearing on Dot albums about at record DLP-25852.  Early in 1974, Dot Records became ABC-Dot Records. The new DOSD-2001 series lasted until the end of 1977 when Dot was discontinued in favor of ABC Records. In 1979, Dot catalogs were sold to MCA which merged in 1998 with PolyGram and later with Universal Music Group.

Sub labels: Dynovoice Records



Recording Artists:

R & B: Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, Jimmy McCracklin, WillieMae "Big Mama"Thornton

Gospel: Cleophus Robinson & the Spirit of Memphis, The dixie Hummingbirds, The Sensational nightingales

Profile: Founded in Houston during 1949. Producers: Bill Harvey, Joe Scott, Johnny Board, Johnny Otis, J W Alexander

Sub labels: Drake, Back Beat, Ace

Parent Label: Peacock



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References: The Sound of the City ( The Rise of Rock and Roll ) by Charlie Gillett, A Brief history of Rock n Roll by Nick Johnstone, web links copyright david crowfoot 2009, 2010.